Mulcair says Baird has lowered expectations by saying that keeping ISIS threat from growing would be a measure of success.
"Why does the prime minister think he can use military force to accomplish what others have been trying unsuccessfully to do since 2003?" Mulcair asks, saying that ISIS is just the latest incarnation of al Qaeda.
Mulcair returns to his critique of the government's claim it will launch airstrikes in Syria only at the invitation of President Assad. Mulcair says it's "reprehensible" that Assad should have a say in what Canada's "brave men and women" do, re: international missions.
Mulcair is now listing off the Assad regime's reported atrocities in 2014 alone.
When he is done listing the reported atrocities, Mulcair says Harper said Friday that if the man responsible for those atrocities gives the go-ahead for bombing, Canada will respond. "We find that shameful," Mulcair says.
"You cannot make it say something that it does not say," Mulcair says of UN resolution cited by the government as authorizing military force against ISIS.
"Military force is not our only option," Mulcair says. Calls for greater humanitarian assistance. (Also, congratulates the government for its announcement earlier of millions of dollars to support victims of sexual violence at the hands of ISIS militants.)
"Canada's phenomenal diplomats can also play a role," Mulcair says.
ISIS can thrive in Iraq and Syria because those countries lack governments strong enough to counter their threat, Mulcair says.
Canada can help the people of Iraq and Syria "to build the political institutions and security capabilities they need to oppose these threats themselves," Mulcair says.
Mulcair now proposing amendments to the government's motion.
Deputy Speaker Joe Comartin now reads out the NDP's proposed amendments.
The NDP calls for military support, including weapons transport, for a period of up to three months; a boost in humanitarian aid in areas where there will be an "immediate lifesaving impact," such as winterized camps for refugees, water and sanitation supplies; assistance for prosecuting war crimes...
The motion also asks that Canadian Forces not be deployed on a combat mission; that the government seek approval for the extension of the mission into Syria; that the government report monthly on the cost of the mission.
Conservative MP Erin O'Toole then questions why the NDP does not support the motion. Mulcair responds by saying that "we know that more bombing is not the answer."
Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau then poses a rare question to Mulcair. Trudeau asks Mulcair to confirm that he was not briefed on the mission.
Mulcair confirms that he was not briefed, and then reminds Trudeau that his party supported the initial 30-day advisory mission, a decision that Liberals "will have to live with."
The NDP's International Development critic Helene Laverdiere is up next, to pose a question to Mulcair about what the NDP is seeking, re: humanitarian aid, including help for refugees.
"We are not doing our part to help with this humanitarian crisis," Mulcair says.
Up now is Conservative MP Laurie Hawn.
Can we stop ISIS violence in the short-term without combat activity? Hawn asks Mulcair. Hawn wonders what the NDP would propose?
Mulcair responds by calling the Syrian president "a genocidal maniac" and says Canada "should not be giving him any credibility at all."
No party can claim the high ground in condemning ISIS, says Liberal MP Marc Garneau. That isn't the question. The question is, what can Canada do to best help defeat ISIS?
The prime minister has failed to make a clear case for a Canadian combat role in Iraq at the present time, Garneau says. Harper is "taking us across the Rubicon" with that decision, he says. Once that decision is made, "there's no turning back."
Defining a mission is much more than stating what assets we will contribute and then establishing a deadline, Garneau says. Going to war is a complex undertaking. "You have to think it through," Garneau, a veteran, tells the House.
When talking about a combat role, "getting in seems straightforward," Garneau says. "Getting out is much less so."
There are "substantial non-combat roles" that Canada can play, Garneau says. Calls it "offensive" to suggest that unless you are contributing in a combat role, you are not doing your part.
Garneau says that the prime minister's contention that airstrikes are the hard thing to do is incorrect. Other non-combat roles on the ground (aid, training, assistance, etc.) are also difficult.
Ultimately, defeating ISIS "will happen on the ground," Garneau says.
Deciding in six months to pull out of combat could be very problematic for Canada, Garneau says. Liberals will not support the motion.
Up now, Conservative MP Mark Strahl, parliamentary secretary to the minister of aboriginal affairs. Thanks Garneau for his military service, then asks the Liberals what it would take to get them on board with a combat mission, "if not to fight ISIS?"
Garneau replies by saying that the government has not made its case for a combat mission, but says Liberals want Canada to play a role "in a non-combat mission."
Garneau finishes by asking if the NDP would support a non-combat military role. NDP defence critic responds with a question to Garneau.
Disingenuous of the NDP to "throw a fog" over the Liberals' position, Garneau says. There's a difference between a combat and non-combat role, and a military mission and non-military mission, he says.
Up now, Liberal defence critic Joyce Murray.
How will this time be different? Murray asks. How can Canada and the coalition against ISIS contribute without sliding into a long and deadly war? Important that Canadians don't one day look back on this moment and wonder how could the government be so wrong.
CLARIFICATION: Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird's earlier pledge of $5 million in aid to victims of sexual violence by ISIS includes another $5 million to investigate and prosecute perpetrators. Total pledge: $10 million.
Murray lists off the many ways that Canada can assist in a non-combat role: training, humanitarian aid, emergency medical help, air transport, etc.
Murray also asks how the mission will be funded with cutbacks to military spending.
Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander is up now for the government.
"There is an obvious rationale for combat," Alexander says, because ISIS has declared intention to bring their terror to Canada.